Shockwave Therapy Mechanisms

Shockwave has the characteristics of low frequency and long wavelength, so it has unique physical characteristics, such as small attenuation, long propagation, strong penetration, etc. So that the sound wave is easy to propagate in the human body, and then reach to the lesion locations that are difficult to reach with general instruments. Shockwave carries the pressure energy and directivity, so that when it propagates in the different tissues of the body, stress action is produced at the interface of different tissues. The vibration energy is continually absorbed by the medium and converted into heat energy, which increases the temperature of the medium. This can improve tissue nutrition, promote blood circulation and tissue function regeneration, reduce the tension of muscle and connective tissues, relieve spasm, reduce nerve excitability, play a role in analgesia, and more.

Common Indications for Shockwave Therapy

Shockwave therapy is primarily used in the treatment of common musculoskeletal conditions. These include:

  • Upper and lower extremity tendinopathies
  • Greater trochanteric pain syndrome
  • Medial tibial stress syndrome
  • Patellar tendinopathy
  • Plantar fasciopathy
  • Adhesive capsulitis
  • Non-union of long bone fracture
  • Avascular necrosis of femoral head
  • Osteoarthritis of the knee